The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) contracted with Z, INC., to analyze the potential energy consumption implications of CAV technologies on light-, medium-, and heavy-duty on- and off-road vehicles in the United States.
Team Z, INC.’s engineers, analysts, and project managers provided critical analysis and data dissemination to produce the following for EIA:
- Conducted a literature review and interviewed key stakeholders on the current state and projected development of CAVs, applicable technologies and regulations
- Discussed the potential implications of these technologies on energy consumption, future vehicle sales, driver behavior and vehicle ownership
- Developed a Microsoft Excel-based model to forecast energy consumption effects of different adoption scenarios based on the Annual Energy Outlook 2017 reference case
As a result of Z, INC.’s work, the EIA will use the report to understand CAV technology’s technical status and the potential impacts on transportation energy use for incorporation into the National Energy Modeling System, a modular computer energy system simulation model.